Today, the systems of irrigation and drainage found all over the world are state of the art, and have been designed and constructed with careful precision and planning. For this, we have the ancient river valley civilizations of the world to thank. Ancient civilizations such as the Romans and the Egyptians conceptualized drainage systems that made their lifestyles a lot more convenient and hygienic, and revolutionized farming methods with pump spare parts through the irrigation systems put forward.

For example, the aqueduct designed by the Romans was the foundation of all water management systems that followed. In Sri Lanka, there was widespread construction of tanks and reservoirs done by the ancient kings, which greatly aided in agriculture. The chain pump was used as early as the 1st century in China. More recent than that was the first rain gauge was invented in 15th century Korea. Evidently our present state of water management systems is the result of thousands of years of development.

Although the irrigation systems we have today are not exactly the same as those of years gone by, some components are still vital for the system to work. An irrigation system comprises of components such as a main valve, an irrigation pipe, sensors, valves that control water pressure, release, air pressure etc, electric valves, a control unit, tubing, wiring etc. Some of the more technologically advanced components have helped systems to become more effective, efficient and has made processes a lot easier.

While country-wide drainage systems and irrigation systems on acres and acres of farmland are extremely developed, domestic irrigation systems are installed by farmers with relatively small farms and crops. This is also true of greenhouses. There are many types of irrigation systems, which include surface irrigation, drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation, just to name a few. Surface irrigation is where there is little to no technological involvement and it is nature’s task, through rainfall, to irrigate the land.

Drip irrigation is a method where water is conserved as much as possible, allowing water to drip onto plants, hence the name. Sprinkler irrigation can be described as simulated rainfall, where water is sprayed onto plants through a system of sprinklers. Irrespective of which method is used, the system should be maintained by regularly checking the system, making repairs and replacing parts. Irrigation pumps for sale at BNB Engineering, tubing, valves etc can be sourced for and found in order to maintain the effectiveness of the system. In years to come, water management systems will develop even more, given progresses in technology and further research. However, it wouldn’t be possible without the foundations that have been laid by previous generations.